We are UMA, a group of friends with great interest in the development of technologies to help our community. In 2016 our city suffered a rationing of water because the dam dried, since then, the population has become aware of the importance of water, in that sense it is important to develop technological tools that help to identify the location of water resources, not only for its exploitation and consumption, but also for its preservation and care. We developed ZAHORY an app inspired in the “dowsing”, a pseudo science in which people with a special "don", can detect streams of groundwater, instead of that, we use satellite data and exploration robots that collect information of the vegetation for its processing and later visualization in the app.
ZAHORY is an application for mobile devices that allows identifying areas where the probability of finding underground water reserves is high. This information is obtained through a process of identification of the vegetation at the place of interest, using autonomous exploration vehicles (heterogeneous multi-robot system) that collect images of the existing vegetation for later analysis and processing, the objective is to confirm or rule out the presence of phreatophytes, since they can be found along watercourses where there is a permanent flow of surface water or groundwater and in areas where the water table is close to the surface.
The ZAHORY application, as a main function, allows users to visualize a map of the surroundings of their current location and at the same time identify locations where it is possible to find underground water reserves, also visualize surface water resources such as rivers, lakes, slopes and others. If there is no data available in the area of interest, the application allows users to request an exploration from their position and specifying a radius of the coverage area. Once the inspection request is made, the site is explored using autonomous vehicles that collect images of the existing vegetation for further processing and classification in the search for phreatic plants that are indicators of the existence of groundwater. Once the vegetation analysis process is finished, the new data (location of water resources) will be available to all users. The application also provides the user with data from NASA's GRACE mission that will assist in understanding the behavior of groundwater reserves, as a component of awareness of its use. The application also includes a user manual and information on the procedure of exploration with robots and image processing.
The heterogeneous multi-robot systems are groups of robots of different characteristics (UGV, AUV, UAV) designed with the objective of developing some collective behavior of utility in some application (in this case exploration) that involves performing tasks that would be impossible (or more conflicting) to perform by a single class of robot. With this kind of system we can easily explore a specific area, obtaining a wide view with air vehicles and an approach with terrestrial vehicles. The collective behavior emerges from the establishment of local rules of interaction between robots, this under the system distributed control approach, in which a robot does not need to know the overall state of the system only needs to know the state of its neighbors.
For the classification of images, we characterize the photographs, taken in the exploration with robots, by their form, applying the algorithm of the nearest neighbor with a database, the image can be identified and given a label.
We use the data available from NASA's GRACE mission to show in the application information about changes in groundwater reserves of the planet, this is achieved thanks to the GRACE mission that allows to appreciate changes in the gravitational field of the Earth, which is an indication of changes in the reservoirs of underground water resources. With this information, the user can understand the behavior of groundwater reserves and become aware of a responsible use of them knowing their availability over time.
SpaceApps is a NASA incubator innovation program.